Monday, May 25, 2020
Racial Oppression Today, a serious problem exists all over the world. Racial oppression takes place in the poorest and the richest countries, including America. Racial oppression is characterized by the majority, or the ruling race, imposing its beliefs, values, and laws on the minority, or the ruled race. In most areas, the ruling race is upper class whites that run the Ã¢â¬Å"systemÃ¢â¬ , and have a disproportionate amount of power. In other areas, it may not be the white race, but it is still the race that is comprised of the majority, makes the laws, or has the most money. These are the keys to domination over the weaker minorities that donÃ¢â¬â¢t have the power to thrive under the majorityÃ¢â¬â¢s system according to their own cultural beliefs,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Another work that deals with racial issues in South Africa is Mark MathabaneÃ¢â¬â¢s autobiographical essay, Ã¢â¬Å"I Leave South AfricaÃ¢â¬ , in which Mark describes his first trip to America. Expecting the Promised Land, a country that tolerates all individuals, regardless of race, class, or cultural background, Mark is shocked when he speaks to the Black Muslim. The Muslim asks Mark for his African name and he responds with his Ã¢â¬Å"whiteÃ¢â¬ name, but the Muslim is not fooled. Mark writes, Ã¢â¬Å"I was startled by this. How did he know I had an African name? I hardly used it myself because it was an unwritten rule among black youths raised in the ghettos to deny their tribal identity and affiliation, and that denial applied especially to namesÃ¢â¬ (786). He is also surprised when the Muslim encourages him to attend a black college. Mark thought that he was talking about a tribal school, apparently another tool used to segregate the races in South Africa. It is important to note the MuslimÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective on integration in America. He believes that it is a way for the Ã¢â¬Å"white devilÃ¢â¬ to force the black man to become more and more dependant on whites. He says, Ã¢â¬Å"This integration business in America is a fraud. It ainÃ¢â¬â¢t good for the black mind and cultureÃ¢â¬ ¦also, no matter how integrated we become, white folks wonÃ¢â¬â¢t accept us as equals. So why should we break our backs trying to mix with them, heh? To them we will alwaysShow MoreRelatedRacial Oppression And Racial Discrimination997 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHuman begins since the beginning of time have understood the concept of racial solidarity but yet decides to ignore it. Racial oppression is a direct consequence of a superior race. Racial oppression is the act of power that causes the state of being to feel heavily exploited. There are two types of racial oppression that are not commonly well known of, institutionalized and internalized. Institution alized oppression is expressed when a group of people based on their race has a different chance ofRead MoreEssay Freedom, Patriarchy, and Racial Oppression976 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesFreedom, Patriarchy, and Racial Oppression The French philosopher Jean-Paul Sarte is known to have established existentialism in France after the liberation of Paris in 1944. Existentialism is the philosophy that states that the values people choose influences the choices they make and how they interpret the meanings of their decisions. When existentialism was introduced in the United States, it challenged Americans to access their ethical standards from a different perspective. AmericaRead MoreRacial Oppression Of Black Criminals981 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswho was suspected of a burglary, was a victim of institutionalized oppression from the police officers questioning him. Although the officer confirmed that the call was for a different neighborhood, this man was automatically assumed to be the burglar because he was black, and that in itself was deemed suspicious by the police due to the stereotype of black crime. These officers, who were also black, have internalized oppression about black criminals, which means that they harbor the oppressive thoughtsRead MoreSocietal Power And Racial Oppression1467 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTaylor Bradley Honors English 11 Nicholas Period 1 Societal Power and Racial Oppression In the mid 1900Ã¢â¬â¢s, different parts of society struggled with power due to the idea of racial supremacy. The idea of a superior race lead to the racial oppression of blacks, which had deep and lasting effects on society. This can be seen in Native Son by Richard Wright. During this time, power was heavily dependent on race: a concept Bigger Thomas struggled with throughout the entire novel. This can be seen onRead MoreRacial Inequality, Oppression And Discrimination Essay1404 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesRacial inequality, oppression and discrimination continue to be key social and political issues plaguing the United States. The Black Lives matter movement aims to address the issues of race inequalities in relation to the American policing system which has and continues to employ brutality and the use of excessive force on Black Minority groups which has ultimately resulted in the deaths of innocent black civilians. According to Weitzer and Tuch (2006) Ã¢â¬ËBlack CriminalityÃ¢â¬â ¢, has become the Ã¢â¬ËnormÃ¢â¬â¢Read MoreRacial Oppression Of African Americans931 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesRacial subordination of African Americans was a major national problem during the first half of the 20th century. In particular, during the 1940s, the South was the center of an intense racial struggle. The fight for equality by African Americans was still rife during the time (Berg 5). Published in 1947, Ralph EllisonÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Battle RoyalÃ¢â¬ illustrates this struggle as the author writes about a narration of a young black man who struggled with the aim of getting ahead in a society that was for the mostRead MoreContemporary Issues Stemming From Racial Oppression787 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages5. What are some contemporary issues stemming from racial oppression in my district? A. A major issue that is a result of racial tensions in my district is the fact that there are two high schools in the district that have a majority of Caucasian students and a majority of African American students. This has led to the students in those schools not often being exposed to many students of a different race. Therefore these students respond poorly to diversity, and it has led to the minority studentsRead MoreAmerican South And German Imperialism Essay1257 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBois, a transnational phenomenon, not localized in the southern United Sates or in eastern Prussia, but rather a global Ã¢â¬Å"color line,Ã¢â¬ the difference between internal and external colonization began to fade. Internal colonization became ever more like racial conquest in the 1890s.Ã¢â¬ With race, came the issues surrounding freedom and labor, Ã¢â¬Å"in Africa, as in the United States, industrial cotton depended on the economic unfreedom of farmers, for it became profitable only throug h the extreme exploitationRead MoreThe Social Construction of Whiteness and Race in America1700 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesimplications; how/why he defines certain words for groups that are oppressed. I will incorporate WiseÃ¢â¬â¢s discussion on whiteness within the context of FryeÃ¢â¬â¢s cage metaphor. Describing why a macroscopic view is so essential to understanding the structure of oppression. The paradox of privilege, one can essentially describe this as a gift being bestowed on someone just for being (or perceived as being) white. Wise explains that if one were to be end to take any perks that make our lives easier for granted toRead MoreReverse Sexism : Reverse Racism And Verse Sexism1308 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessystemic oppression in this essay, I attempt to answer these questions while defending the position that reverse racism and reverse sexism do not exist. I will discuss how reverse oppression Ã¢â¬â be it reverse racism, or female privilege Ã¢â¬â cannot exist because the very nature of oppression will not allow for it. I attempt to do this by engaging with Marilyn FryeÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"birdcageÃ¢â¬ paradigm of oppression, specifically, her argument that there are oppressors, and that their suppositions for reverse oppression, whatever
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Barn Burning Throughout the story Ã¢â¬Å"Barn BurningÃ¢â¬ , author William Faulkner conveys the moral growth and development of a young boy, as he must make a critical decision between either choosing his family and their teachings or his own morals and values. The reader should realize that the story Ã¢â¬Å"Barn BurningÃ¢â¬ was written in the 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s, a time of economic, social, and cultural turmoil. Faulkner carries these themes of despair into the story of the Snopes family. Faulkner opens the story, Ã¢â¬Å"Barn BurningÃ¢â¬ in a southern courthouse room of the during the Civil War reconstruction era, also a time of social, cultural, and economic instability. At this point in the story the main characters, Abner (Ab) and his son, Colonel SartorisÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Even at such a young age the boy is beginning to develop the ability to form morals and values of his own. However, Sarty fears the harshness of his father, so he forces himself to abandon the thought of questioning his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s judgments as evidenced by his thoughts Ã¢â¬Å"Forever he thought. Maybe heÃ¢â¬â¢s done satisfied now, now that he hasÃ¢â¬ ¦stopping himself, not to say it aloud even to himself.Ã¢â¬ As the family arrives at their new home, Sarty takes note of the de Spain mansion. Sarty perhaps feels that his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s immoral beliefs will become irrelevant now that people of such wealthy status employ them. Sarty describes the mansion and its relation to the father: HitÃ¢â¬â¢s big as a courthouse he thought quietly, with a surge of peace an joy whose reason he could not have thought into words, being too young for that: they are safe from him. People whose lives are a part of this peace and dignity are beyond his touch, he no more to them than a buzzing wasp: capable of stinging for a little moment but thatÃ¢â¬â¢s all; the spell of those peace and dignity rendering even the barns and stables and cribs which belong to it impervious to the puny flames he might contriveÃ¢â¬ ¦this, the peace and joy, ebbing for an instant as he looked again at the stiff black back, the stiff implacable lime of the figure which was not dwarfed by the house, for the reason that it hadSho w MoreRelatedEssay Barn Burning1481 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn Ã¢â¬Å"Barn Burning,Ã¢â¬ the author, William Faulkner, composes a wonderful story about a poor boy who lives in anxiety, despair, and fear. He introduces us to Colonel Satoris Snopes, or Sarty, a boy who is mature beyond his years. Due to the harsh circumstances of life, Sarty must choose between justice and his family. At a tender age of ten, Sarty starts to believe his integrity will help him make the right choices. His loyalty to family doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t allow for him to understand why he warns the De SpainRead MoreBarn Burning Essay1889 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesIn William FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Barn BurningÃ¢â¬ Colonel Sartoris Snopes must decide either to stand with his father and compromise his integrity, or embrace honesty and morality and condemn his family. This is a difficult decision to make, especially for a ten year old boy that has nothing outside of what his father provides. SartyÃ¢â¬â¢s decision to ul timately betray his father is dependent on his observation of AbnerÃ¢â¬â¢s character and the conflict he feels concerning Abner. Ã¢â¬Å"Barn BurningÃ¢â¬ opens with a trial inRead More Barn Burning Essay571 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesBarn Burning Ã¢â¬Å"Barn BurningÃ¢â¬ by William Faulkner was written in the ebb of the 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s in a decade of social, economic, and cultural decline. This story offers insight into the past years for students to learn of the nation and the South. This story shows the racial segregation that took place in these times between the white landowners and white tenant farmers, the blacks and the whites, and the poor white trash class and the blacks. The SnopesÃ¢â¬â¢s family was in the social class ofRead More Barn Burning Essay773 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBarn Burning Barn Burning is a sad story because it very clearly shows the classical struggle between the privileged and the underprivileged classes. Time after time emotions of despair surface from both the protagonist and the antagonist involved in the story. This story outlines two distinct protagonists and two distinct antagonists. The first two are Colonel Sartoris Snopes (Sarty) and his father Abner Snopes (Ab). Sarty is the protagonist surrounded by his fatherRead More Barn Burning Essay1110 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Barn Burning amp;quot;YouÃ¢â¬â¢re getting to be a man. You got to learn. You got to learn to stick to your own blood or you ainÃ¢â¬â¢t going to have any blood to stick to you.amp;quot; This quote from William FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s amp;quot;Barn Burningamp;quot; does reveal a central issue in the story, as Jane Hiles suggests in her interpretation. The story is about blood ties, but more specifically, how these ties affect Sarty (the central character of the story). The story examines the internal conflict and dilemmaRead MoreEssay On Barn Burning879 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWhy are children so loyal to their parents, even if their parents do not meet the moral standards of the child? Throughout the text of Ã¢â¬Å"Barn BurningÃ¢â¬ , Sarty seems to have repetitive feelings of grief and despair, yet he hesitates to out his father for his crimes. He hates his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s crimes and his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s way of life. Yet, Sarty is hesitant to out his father for his crimes. Mainly beca use he hopes his father will change, he fears his father will harm him physically or emotionally, and he placesRead MoreBarn Burning By William Faulkner935 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages William FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Barn Burning,Ã¢â¬ is about a southern white family that resides in a rural county in Mississippi. The low-income family members are the mother Lennie Snopes, the older brother, two sisters, and an aunt. The storyÃ¢â¬â¢s main characters are, Colonel Sartoris Snopes, a 10- year-old boy, the father Abner Snopes, the property owner AbnerÃ¢â¬â¢s boss Major de Spain, and his wife, Mrs. Lula de Spain. Abner Snopes characterized as the antagonist, and Faulkner describes him as an evil, vengeful manRead MoreBarn Burning By William Faulkner1373 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWilliam FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s short story Ã¢â¬Å"Barn BurningÃ¢â¬ is an epic exhibition of the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s style. In the story, Faulkner shows us the story of Colonel Sartoris Snopes regarding his want for good and his loyalty to his family. Throughout the story, Sarty is put in a position of having to struggle between his integrity and his want to defend his father and family. In Ã¢â¬Å"B arn Burning,Ã¢â¬ a struggle is displayed by Sarty Snopes between his want to do right and his want to honor his father. The reader gets theRead MoreBarn Burning By William Faulkner1357 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHenry Award winning short story, Ã¢â¬Å"Barn BurningÃ¢â¬ was written in 1938 and published by HarperÃ¢â¬â¢s in 1939 (Ã¢â¬Å"William,Ã¢â¬ par. 12). In many ways the story is a product of Ã¢â¬Å"both a turbulent time in AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s history and FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s personal historyÃ¢â¬ (Parker 101). America was emerging from the Great Depression just in time to see World War II looming on the horizon while Faulkner was struggling with Ã¢â¬Å"finances, a drinking problem, and a new mistressÃ¢â¬ (Parker 102). In Ã¢â¬Å"Barn BurningÃ¢â¬ Faulkner makes extensive useRead MoreBarn Burning by William Faulkner682 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesWilliam FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s Barn Burning, Abner Snopes is a main character and father of Colonel Sartoris Snopes (Sarty), who is also a main character. Abner is a very poor looking man, unclean and unshaven. He always seems to wear the same thing, a dirty wh ite button up shirt with a dirty black hat and coat. Snopes is a very terrifying figure, often controlling his family with physical and psychological violence as well as making them contribute to his favorite pastime, burning barns. The Snopes family
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Borderline Personality Disorder Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a complex and serious mental disorder involving the inability to manage emotions effectively and exhibiting maladaptive behaviors characterized by unstable moods and relationships (NIMH, 2013). Individuals with BPD are very sensitive to environmental circumstances and the perception of rejection and separation (DSM-5, 2013). These individuals may exhibit excessive fears of abandonment and inappropriate anger when facing separation or when changes occur in a relationship. A main character of BPD is emotional and behavioral dysregulation. These traits can include angry outburst, hostility, aggression, and uncontrollable impulsiveness. These individuals may fail to reflect carefully on their behaviors, which can lead to self-destructiveness and risk taking behaviors. For the individual with BPD, these behaviors are difficult to control and can be harmful (NIMH, 2013). The Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, DSM-5 defines BPD as Ã¢â ¬Å"a pervasive pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects, and marked impulsivity, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contextsÃ¢â¬ . In order to meet the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for BPD, five or more of the following behaviors associated must be presented beginning by early adulthood, which may include but are not limited to: frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment, a pattern of unstable and intenseShow MoreRelatedBorderline Personality Disorder ( Bpd )932 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBorderline personality disorder (BPD) is an emotional disorder that causes emotional instability, leading to stress and other problems. With borderline personality disorder your image of yourself is distorted, making you feel worthless and fundamentally flawed. Your anger, impulsivity and frequent mood swings may push others away, even though you desire loving relationships. It is an often misunderstood, serious mental illness characterized by pervasive instability in moods, interpersonal relationshipsRead MoreBorderline Personality Disorder ( Bpd )1484 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBorderline Personality Disorder is one of the many serious mental conditions that is challenge to the individual suffering as well as family, friends or co-workers. Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is known by impulsive behavior and instability, self-image and personal relationship issues. Individuals suffering from BPD may experience many of these symptoms listed in the DSM-V, Ã¢â¬Å"inappropriate, uncontrollable or vehement anger, chronic boredom or feelings of emptiness, extreme efforts to avoidRead MoreBorderline Personality Disorder ( Bpd )1618 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesBorderline Personality Disorder (BPD) Borderline Personality Disorder Borderline personality disorder is defined in the DSM IV, a manual used by psychiatrists to diagnose all mental disorders, as an AXIS II disorder which has symptoms of impulsively and emotional dysregulation (Livesley 146). A person with BPD have feelings of abandonment and emptiness, and have frantic efforts to avoid abandonment, going to extremes to keep someone from leaving (Burger 300). He or she is emotionally unstableRead MoreBorderline Personality Disorder ( Bpd )1136 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Revised Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines (DIB-R) was designed to reliably diagnose Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). It is not a global diagnostic assessment. Rather, the purpose of the DIB-R is to distinguish Borderline Personality Disorder from other clinical diagnoses (Gunderson, Kolb, Austin, 1981). Development John Gunderson, M.D. and Jonathon Kolb, M.D developed the Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines (DIB) in 1976 (Hurt, Clarkin, Koenigsberg, Frances, Nurnberg, 1986).Read MoreBorderline Personality Disorder ( Bpd ) Essay2620 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesBorderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a disorder that effects every day life for the patient. The DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual) has it listed under the personality disorders because it is not something that comes and goes with any type of pattern or cause, the person with BPD has to live with it everyday. It can effect everything from relationships to common day to day activities. Borderline Personality Disorder is a disorder that is a pervasive pattern of instability of interpersonalRead MoreBorderline Personality Disorder ( Bpd )2994 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesBorderline Personality Disorder (BPD), an unpredictable change of mood which stems from prolonged childhood stress, affects nearly two percent of the adult population, pre dominantly younger women. BPD, one of the most common personality disorders, has become a female malady; however, men can also acquire BPD. Males diagnosed with borderline do not develop the characteristic of instability like women do; nonetheless, they inherit Ã¢â¬Å"rigid, defensive, and hyper-vigilantÃ¢â¬ traits (Moskovitz 4, 115) (FrancesRead MoreBorderline Personality Disorder ( Bpd ) Essay1772 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesBorderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by difficulties in regulating emotion. This difficulty leads to severe, unstable mood swings, impulsivity and instability, poor self-image, and troubled personal relationships. When Adolf Stern first coined the term border line in 1938, he used it to describe outpatients that did not fall into the standard classification system used in the psychiatric profession. Patients with this disorder had what he determined as, Ã¢â¬Å"associative thinkingRead MoreBorderline Personality Disorder ( Bpd ) Essay2257 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesBorderline Personality Disorder is a serious psychiatric disorder that is not well known among the greater population. Throughout the years many advances to treat a once untreatable disorder have been developed. This paper reviews the diagnostic features of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and its many methods of treatment, in efforts to bring a greater awareness of its presence. Within this body of reading the clinical presentation, diagnostic criteria, treatment methods, prevalence and incidenceRead MoreBorderline Personality Disorder ( Bpd )2409 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesBorderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a personality disorder resulting in an abnormal pattern of behavior such as: extreme fear of abandonment; unstable relationships with other people, sense of self, or emotions; feelings of emptiness; frequent dangerous behavior; and self-harm. Symptoms of BPD appear to show in early adulthood and can be triggered by a variety of what appears to be normal life events. Along with personality issues comes substance abuse problems, depression, and eating disordersRead MoreEffects Of Borderline Personality Disorders ( Bpd ) Essay1812 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesconsumers with borderline personality disorders (BPD) and how they are slightly different from treating other disorders. Rates of co-occurring mental health disorders are very high among individuals with BPD, which present challenges for treatments in those individuals. This paper will explore the complications in diagnosing consumers due to the fact that borderline personality disorder rarely stands alone and is often co-occurring with other disorders. Gender differences among individuals with BPD will be
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
State or Federal Tort Claims AJS/562 December 15, 2014 State or Federal Tort Claims The Constitution of the United States has the amendments in place to protect the citizens from the violation of his or her rights by the government. The Federal Tort Claim Act of 1946 is enacted to ensure the citizens of the United States will receive the proper compensation or if the citizens want to sue the federal government. The Federal Tort Claim Act of 1946 will provide the citizens of the United States enough cushion to go around the immunity for federal employees. Before the enactment of the Federal Tort Claim Act of 1946, the citizens would have no possible way of suing the federal government for wrongdoing. It allows federal employees theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦According to (Watson, 2012) in the State of Texas the local justice is members of the criminal justice system with limits on liability by participating an activity that causes harm or potential harm to a citizen. In laymanÃ¢â¬â¢s term, Texas Tort Claim Act will not waive the immunity of the government or the employees from claims arising from police protection or firefighters (Watson, 2014). The security personnel, who have employment though the federal government, will not have immunity; however, the only way he or she can have immunity is to work as a state law enforcement agent or emergency worker. Some federal and state employees will have to escort government officials, such as politicians to keep him or her safe; however, it will not grant immunity from civil or criminal liability. Police officers and emergency workers who fail to act within the boundaries of the law will be subject to criminal or sovereign immunity removal due to his or her negligent behavior. The policymakers will have immunity from civil liability. This means the policy that a policymaker creates and enacts, because harm to a citizen will not waive the immunity of the policy maker. A policy maker will not be liable for the harm that comes to a citizen throughShow MoreRelatedThe Law Principle Of Sovereign Immunity1514 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages In this paper, I will research how Alabama, has recognized the old English version of the common-law principle of sovereign immunity that the state cannot be sued without its consent and that since the state can act only through its officers and agents a suit against a state officer is in effect one against the sovereign state. This rule had its origin in the ancient common law, predicated on the principle that the king, being the fountainhead of justice, could not be sued in his own courtsRead MoreAn Introduction to the Law and Economics of Intellectual Property12472 Words Ã |Ã 50 Pagesthe Copyright Act [17 U.S.C.A. Sec. 101-810], the Patent Act [35 U.S.C.A. Sec. 1-376], and the Semiconductor Chip Protection Act of 1984 [17 U.S.C.A. Sec. 901-914]. In addition, the federal government has enacted the Trademark Act of 1946 (Lanham Act) as amended [15 U.S.C.A. Sec. 1051-1127] and there is state law regulation of trade secrets and of misappropriation of other information. These six legal regimes constitute U.S. intellectual property law. In addition, the United States has sought protectionRead MoreHealth Care Policy10795 Words Ã |Ã 44 PagesThe United States spends more money on health care than other industrialized nations but is the only one that doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t ensure health care coverage for all citiz ens. Every year, approximately 18,000 unnecessary deaths occur because of health insurance lacking in the United States, (Institute of Medicine [IOM], 2002). Proponents of universal health care coverage say this problem is fixable but only if a significant overhaul of our current insurance system occurs. The Affordable Care Act of 2010 isRead MoreHemp Cultivation in China42289 Words Ã |Ã 170 PagesDiemenstraat 192 1013 CP Amsterdam The Netherlands Clarke, R.C. 1995. Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) Cultivation in the Tai an District of Shandong Province, Peoples Republic of China. Journal of the International Hemp Association 2(2): 57, 60-65. This paper summarizes the history of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) cultivation and traditional use in the Tai an District of Shandong Province in the People s Republic of China, and investigates the cultivation and processing techniques currently being employedRead MoreMedicare Policy Analysis447966 Words Ã |Ã 1792 PagesUnited States of America i n Congress assembled, 3 SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF DIVISIONS, TITLES, rmajette on DSK29S0YB1PROD with BILLS 4 5 AND SUBTITLES. (a) SHORT TITLE.Ã¢â¬âThis Act may be cited as the 6 Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ËAffordable Health Care for America ActÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢. VerDate Nov 24 2008 12:56 Oct 30, 2009 Jkt 089200 PO 00000 Frm 00001 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6201 E:\BILLS\H3962.IH H3962 2 1 2 (b) TABLE TITLES.Ã¢â¬âThis OF DIVISIONS, TITLES, AND SUB- Act is dividedRead MoreMonsanto: Better Living Through Genetic Engineering96204 Words Ã |Ã 385 Pagesfor a Ã¯ ¬ rm would include statements and details about the following: Ã¢Å"â Opportunities (possibilities) and threats (constraints) Ã¢Å"â Strengths (what we do especially well) and weaknesses (deÃ¯ ¬ ciencies) Ã¢Å"â Strategic intent (an indication of a Ã¯ ¬ rmÃ¢â¬â¢s ideal state) Ã¢Å"â Strategic mission (purpose and scope of a Ã¯ ¬ rmÃ¢â¬â¢s operations in product and market terms) Ã¢Å"â Key result areas (KRAs) (categories of activities where efforts must take place to reach the mission and intent) Ã¢Å"â Strategies (actions for each KRA to be completed
The subjective element of beauty involves judgment, not opinion. Many people feel beauty is only something seen by the eyes. St. Thomas Aquinas views beauty in both the supernatural and natural orders. Aquinas lists the attributes of beauty to be found in nature. These are; unity, proportion, and clarity. We will see how these attributes of beauty are seen through the eye and felt by the heart. To begin, the concept of unity follows the Aristotelian proposition that nothing can be added to or taken away from a perfect work of art. Next, proportion, or the harmony of the parts to the whole and to each other is, based the mathematical and geometric relationships discovered by the Ancient Greeks. Finally, clarity refers to the logicalÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦No beauty she doth miss When all her robes are on: But Beautys self she is When all her robes are gone. (125) HungerfordÃ¢â¬â¢s famous quote typically means that each person sees beauty in a different fashion. Therefore, yes itÃ¢â¬â¢s true that a personÃ¢â¬â¢s appearance can be described as beautiful, but that is only part of the definition of beauty. Next, as Helen Keller explained, Ã¢â¬Å"beauty is not always seen, but it is also felt in the heart.Ã¢â¬ Beauty felt by the heart can also be found anywhere. This attribute of beauty can define a personÃ¢â¬â¢s heart and personality; not described as an inspiring view, or it can explain a personÃ¢â¬â¢s actions. In fact, a person can be beautiful just front the way they act towards others or the way they go about their daily lives. For instance, a simple smile from an individual helping a homeless person can be defined as beautiful. Additionally, someone sitting in a coffee shop lost in thought while reading a book or a child playing in the park. Beauty can also be found in a baby sleeping peacefully or even an elderly couple walking and holding hands. During these unintentional moments, the viewer is allowed to see past what society wants people to think is beautiful and is truly able to catch a glimpse of what Keller describes as beauty being felt by the heart. In the 14th century the word beauty was known as Ã¢â¬Å"physical attractiveness,Ã¢â¬ also Ã¢â¬Å"goodness courtesy,Ã¢â¬ from Angelo French beute. Beauty was once known as how someone looks toShow MoreRelatedBeauty Extended Definition Essay792 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBeauty is something that can be interpreted completely different from person to person. A famous quote that goes along with this perfectly is Ã¢â¬Å"beauty is in the eye of the beholder.Ã¢â¬ I think a personÃ¢â¬â¢s inner beauty should be taken into account when deciding whether or not a person is beautiful. WikipediaÃ¢â¬â¢s definition of beauty is, Ã¢â¬Å"a characteristic of a person, animal, place, object, or idea that provides a perceptual experience of pleasure or satisfaction Ã¢â¬ while Oxford Dictionary states, Ã¢â¬Å"beautyRead MoreDisney Princess Movies And Childrens Impact On Beauty And Body Image1297 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesNames like Snow White, Cinderella, Sleeping Beauty, Ariel, Belle, and Jasmin are all too familiar to little girls. These characters are often the response when girls are asked, Ã¢â¬Å"What do you want to be when you grow upÃ¢â¬ ? When boys are asked a similar question, their responses are much more masculine, a fireman, policeman, or football player. This paper will focus on the Disney Princess movies and the role they play in shaping a young girls perspective of beauty and body image and what effects they haveRead MoreLove and Beauty1208 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages but the desire or pursuit of wisdom and beauty. Love is expressed via propagation and reproduction, as in the exchange and development of ideas. Socrates in the Symposium best expresses this belief. Socrates view of Love and Beauty was that one is the pursuit of the o ther, and that other is the greatest of all knowledge. Love is a driving force, a compulsion forward to a goal. Much as a moth is drawn to light, for its heat, people are lured to Beauty by Love. Love is an emotion, and like allRead MoreFamily Is Important For Our Lives1511 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesself. There are many definitions for families and many categories. From nuclear families, to single parent family, extended family with siblings in law, families with same sex parents, childless family, Intergenerational families, adoptive-foster families. Thus family has a broader definition basic social unit consisting of parents and their children, considered as a group, whether dwelling together or not (www.dictionary.reference.com.2014). Extended family refers to a family thatRead More images of gender in the media Essay1234 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Finding a simple or concrete definition of gender maybe near impossible. Gender roles are what men and woman learn and internalize as the way they are supposed to act. These roles are commonly thought of as natural rather than a construction of culture. Gender is thought to flow from sex, rather then being a matter of what the culture does with sex. This theory is widely and exhaustively debated, according to Wood Ã¢â¬Å"Sex is based on biology; Gender is socially and psychologically constructedÃ¢â¬ (WoodRead MoreImages of Gender in the Media1258 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesFinding a simple or concrete definition of gender maybe near impossible. Gender roles are what men and woman learn and internalize as the way they are supposed to act. These roles are commonly thought of as natural rather than a construction of culture. Gender is thought to flow from sex, rather then being a matter of what the culture does with sex. This theory is widely and exhaustively debated, according to Wood Sex is based on biology; Gender is socially and psychologically constructed (WoodRead MoreThe Quest for the Ideal700 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesT.S Elliot, as well as the essay Ã¢â¬Å"KantÃ¢â¬â¢s Beauty and the SublimeÃ¢â¬ by Maureen Rousseau explore the peril inherent in the quest for the ideal, which is that in our search for beauty we risk encountering the sublime. The danger of the sublime is that we cannot comprehend t he magnitude of the realms of things that are sublime. We ask ourselves why someone would want to risk encountering the sublime. Well, with great risk comes great reward and that is the beauty we seek. In the poem, Ã¢â¬Å"The StoryÃ¢â¬ by KarenRead MoreThe Egyptian Women And Women1166 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshealth but then as time went on the Egyptian women began using natural resources for other uses. Ã¢â¬Å"Egyptian women apply galena mesdemet (made of copper and lead ore) and malachite (bright green paste of copper minerals) to their faces for color and definitionÃ¢â¬ (A History of Cosmetics from Ancient Times). The use of the natural resources in this way started what we know of today as makeup. The idea of makeup as the use of making someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s face appear more attractive became very popular from spreadingRead More The Epic of Gilgamesh is Truely an Epic Essay1690 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Epic of Gilgamesh is Truely an Epic An epic is an extended narrative poem in elevated or dignified language, celebrating the feats of a legendary or traditional hero.Ã Ã The main characteristics of an epic as a literary genre is that it is a long poem that tells a story, it contains an epic hero, its hero searches for immortality (but doesnt find it physically, only through fame), gods or other supernatural beings are interested and involved, and it delivers an historical message.Ã Read MoreThe Distinction between Mind and Body Essay605 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesa distinction between the physical world, and the non-physical world. Within Descartes Meditations, he explains the fundamental differences between the mind and the physical world. The distinction is that matter is an unthinking, doubtable, and extended substance, meaning it extends in space. Whereas the soul is a thinking and unextended substance that cannot be doubted. My thoughts do not take up space, do not have a mass, and cannot be divided, unlike matter. Descartes concludes that mind and
F. Brigman, Fundamentals of Financial Management, 5th ed. , (Hinsdale: Holt, Richard and Winston Sounders College Publishing, 2000), pp. 840-841. Companies are increasingly employing Inventory System. A computer start with an inventory counts in memory. Withdrawals are recorded by the computer as they are made, and the inventory balance is constantly revised. When the recorded point is reached, the computer automatically places an order, when this new order is received, the recorded balance is increased. Retail stores have carried this system quite far, each item has a magnetic codes, and as on item is checked out, it passes over an electronic reader, which then adjusts the computers inventory balance, at the same time the price is fed to cash register tape. When the balance drops to the recorder point, an order is place. Foreign Literature Joe N. of gather. com, they attract the buyers by selling what they want, non-stop on a channel thats dedicated for buyers. We will write a custom essay sample on Foreign Literature or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page This is a good technique if you are trying selling something, and gaining a good audience of buyers, because you are putting the product up for advertisement, on a channel those buyers watch. You dont have to completely analyze a commercial to come to this conclusion, or to categorize a commercial under a specific technique, but just pay some attention to the main details. In Channels of Desire (1982), the Ewens trace the emergence of the consumer society through the rise of mass images and new advertising, fashion, and entertainment industries. They explore some of the ways in which desire was channeled into consumption and into desire for ever new and ever more consumer goods. In The Culture of Consumption (1983), Editors Richard Wightman Fox and T. J. Jackson Lears document how capitalism develops a culture appropriate for a society organized around the principle of profit maximization via the production and consumption of commodities.
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Innovation and Creativity in Organizations. Answer: Introduction Creativity is defined as the capability of conceiving some useful things that are taken into consideration for the betterment of the organization; however, innovation signifies the implementation of something new (Anderson et al. 2014).Stimulating creativity and exploring completely new territories enhances the productivity and profitability of the organization. Somech and Drach-Zahavy (2013) state that contemporary organizations encourage their employees to suggest some productive ideas and to explore new areas for innovative approaches that help in formulating cost-effective business solutions. The primary objective of this approach is to make the employee of the origination feel as they are an important asset for the business and their suggestion will be granted. Moreover, according to Yoshida, et al. (2014), there are three types of innovation- technical innovation, process innovation and administrative innovation. This way, an organization can achieve competitive edge to survive in the market for a longer time. In this essay-report, the nature of the creativity and innovation will be discussed along with the theory and practice for creativity and innovation. Moreover, the report also covers some evidence/examples that results in the better productive result on the better business outcome. In addition to that, the impact of the creativity and innovation will be focused along with the key ingredients of the successful innovation that are- Leadership, Focus, Creativity, Invention, and Entrepreneurship. Lastly, the assignments wraps up with the personal reflection and then a conclusion for the overall discussion. Discussion Nature of creativity and innovation The nature of creativity and innovation are connected and creativity goes hand in hand with innovation. Cerne et al. (2013) depicts that without creativity there will be no innovation. Creativity is beneficial for well-run companiesand provides an assured path to success, which results in maximum profitability and productivity. Creative ideas and innovative approachescan come from employees, external shareholders and even from the target group (Caniels and Rietzschel 2013). Thus, it is important that an open exchange of ideas must have to be supported by the organization. On the contrary, Sarooghi et al. (2015) depicts that if the innovative idea does not fit properly with the objective of the organization, huge loss should have to be incurred by the company as the entire process will get wrong with the unfit idea. As a result, most contemporary managers follow incremental innovation that is to see problems in the current set-up and then try to resolve the adversity by finding an inn ovative alternate method. Yesil and Sozbilir (2013) in addition to the discussion added that most larger organisations rarely uses radical innovationsas they are often risky and difficult to implement. Theories and practice of creativity and innovation Creativity is a process and often considered as a group phenomenon, where an individual implies the domain knowledge and then discusses it with their peers so that an effective idea will be selected at the end of the meeting. Creativity techniques Rational/serious creativity In this context, Runco (2014) demonstrates that lateral thinking, TRIZ and mind-maps are few approaches that encourage the rational creativity among the individuals. Lateral thinking signifies the offering of ideas through random component in reasoning. This method is different from linear thinking and is used to materialize the reasoning attitudes. Moreover, TRIZ techniques intend to initiate technological innovation. According to this approach, a person first looks for the pitfalls regarding the execution of a new technology in the business and then implements it (Dietrich and Haider 2015). Moreover, Litchfield et al. (2014) stated that mind-maps are the technique to summarise the existing knowledge and then gather ideas and information that meets the objective of that organization. Gaming approach It is evident that every person intends to learn more under interesting circumstance and hence, managing authorities of organization takes initiatives for gaming approach for encouraging their creative ideas. Frame games, innovation games, LEGO blocks and game storming are few examples of boosting the creativity in the workplace. Oravec (2015) depicts that frame games emphasize on the interactive activities for training situations or brainstorming. Additionally, fun activities and formulating roadmaps are the basic steps in the innovation games approach. In context of the LEGO blocks, the cubes are used for analysing the estimated real situation after implementation of the idea to generate insights and ideas more easily (Payton 2015). Idea gathering This method comprises of the approaches of brainstorming and brain-writing where a question is generated among the team members in a meeting and members will present many ideas within less times without any sponsorship (Bucherer et al. 2012). On the other hand, Amabile (2012) portrays that participatory innovation is another approach in this techniques the concept of idea boxes and idea intranets was introduced. Irrational creativity In comparison with the rational creativity, this technique emphasizes on the approach of shifting problem from the analogies. Gaut (2012) also portrays that experts believe that if a person distance themselves from the problematic situation, the chances for resolving the circumstance with innovative idea becomes high. Distanciation phase and ideation phase are the major components of this theory that signifies that the distortion and transformation of problem stimulates the imagination, which will help in the better solution regarding a problem. However, in ideation process, Tomyuk and Ã Ã ¢Ã Ã ¾Ã Ã ¼ÃâÃ ½Ã Ã º (2014) depicts the perception that one must follow a certain track and try to think innovative ideas until a useful solution will not be suggested. The basic principle behind this theory is to turn ideas into positive solution. Innovative approaches Technical innovation Rice (2013) states that technical innovation involves in the formulation of new goods and services and is occurred through research and development effortsso that the customer satisfaction can be achieved with new, better, faster and/or cheaper products. On the other hand, Camison and Villar-Lopez (2014) defines that systematic application of scientific knowledge for transforming resources into products are the objectives of technological innovation. Process innovation The process innovation signifies the new ways for producing, selling or distributing goods so that the distribution process can be accomplished in lesser time. Davenport (2013) depicts that the process innovation is helpful for small firms as they can take references from the larger firms advanced technology. Hollen et al. (2013) often criticizes that the process innovation has the limitation of investments when new products tend to put forward for further development. Administrative innovation Administrative innovation demotes the creation of a new organizational design that is suggested by the managing authorities of the organization for better creation, production and delivery of products (Reinhold et al. 2015). This includes the leadership quality that is implemented in the workplace for better productivity. Leaders have to encourage their employee intrinsically and reward them according to their innovative ideas so that they keep on thinking and suggesting new ideas that will be beneficial for the organization. Key ingredients to successful innovation Leadership Yoshida, et al. (2014) mentioned that innovation and creativity are interrelated and hence encouraging innovation must have to follow the basics of creativity that are- expertise, creative thinking skills and motivation. The leader plays a crucial role for encouraging their employees to come up with new and innovative ideas and motivates their employee by not criticizing, judging, discouraging and evaluating the negative outcome of the suggested ideas (Slatten and Mehmetoglu 2015). Cerne et al. (2013) also affirms that the contemporary leaders must welcome the absurd, crazy ideas by analysing the outcome with their experience so that some innovative ideas can be formulated. Focus Camison and Villar-Lopez (2014) suggests that, if workplace is a stage for experimenting for better productivity and profitability, the approach for working should be the chief objective, Hence, it is important to focus on achieving the primary goal for the organization that is to increase their sales and results in high prosperity. For instance, OSIM international, which is a Singapore based organization starts their business by manufacturing knifes and other household products but their focus is to comfort the communities with their products and to attain high profits. This organization then stand up with the idea to provide comfort to people who need extra care of their bodies and initiated to manufacture massing products (Ganter and Hecker 2014). Creativity Sacramento et al. (2013) states that there are some primary reason that encourages the working personnel in the workplace by making time for brainstorming or placing suggestion boxes around the workplace. Managers can also train their staff in innovation techniques brainstorming, lateral thinking and mind-mapping. Creativity can be supported by tolerate mistakes, reward creativity and then act on ideas. Entrepreneurship Figure 1: Creativity and innovation in entrepreneurship (Source: Qian 2013) Carland and Carland (2015) depicts that creativity is the ability to develop new ideas in order to provide a new perception towards a problematic situation while innovation is the application of those creative solution so that the life of community can be enhanced. Qian (2013) in addition to that portrays that entrepreneurship is the combination of the both the creativity and innovation and a systematic procedure for applying the two approaches. Impact of creativity and innovation in an organization Experts introduce creativity and innovation for better productivity and financial growth. Guler and Nerkar (2012) illustrates that with effective creativity, workforce can easily generate new ideas compatible with the objective set by the organization. The implementation of creation and innovation also results in an environment that encourages knowledge-based capital and increase their market share by implementing the same. Moreover, Im et al. (2013) depicts that innovation in the workplace also brings transformation in strong and efficient innovative diffusion of knowledge for the betterment of the organization. Moreover, Csikszentmihalyi and Sawyer (2014) stated that creativity exhibited by innovative theories and principle puts the concerned organization in positions of leadership compared to originations in the same field. In order to achieve this success stage, the organization has to spend some revenue on RD departments where an origination can research for new inventions so th at the existing products can be improved along with the formulation of new products. In addition to that, innovation companies also have the advantage of experience for product development. de Araujo Burcharth et al. (2014) describes that this innovative approaches can be obtained by welcoming the trial and error methods and encouraging employees to take risks for designing better products and services. Lastly, Lee et al. (2012) added further that introduction of creativity results in name recognition within their respective industries. These business or companies do not have to spend much on their promotion as their brand themselves enough for their popularity. For instance, apparels like Lululemon, Zara, and the luxury carmakerRolls-Royce do not advertise their products due to their strong word-of-mouth campaigns advertisements and 110-year-old sales recorduntil the year 2015 respectively. Barnett et al. (2014) on the affirmative side also adds that Managers who promote an innovativeenvironment analyses the motivation factor in the working personnel for building st ronger teams, strategic partnerships, organizational restructuring and senior management support. Evidences of creativity and innovation Small companies will have modest open innovation efforts and they have must have to find ways to interact efficiently with in-sighting market, competition and new technology that supports their innovation efforts. One such example is the case of UBER rides, whose CEO Travis Kalanick is known as serial entrepreneur and had presented an innovative idea for making the social life of the individual easy. Kolker et al. (2016) depicts that the incident begins from the difficulty that has arise while facing difficulty in hailing a cab. As a result, the person utilizes the technological innovation for formulating a business and help people hiring a taxi on a single tap of a button. The business not only provides the social people with transport facility but the business also represent a flexible new way to earn money for the drivers (Fisk 2014). Another example is the case of Northern Colorado, where Emil Motycka a 21 years old earned a revenue of $135,000 during senior year of high school and started the business organization named Motycka Enterprises, LLC; however, now the name is Emils Lawn. The concerned person provides everything from building and janitorial maintenance like tree care, lawn care, and Christmas light installation and snow removal services in order to help people with their extra work. Ayala and Manzano (2014) depicts that in this case, the person utilize the innovative idea with a creative objective that is simple yet important. Due to simplicity of these business objectives, it is challenge for Emil Motycka but the business gained a huge success and become a successful entrepreneur at the age of 21. The person at a small age utilizes the simple idea to create a business and expand it for gaining profit in low expenses. The origination provides services to known customers and this business does not need much skills (Fiet et al. 2013). Moreover, another example for a small business to be the most innovative and successful organization is VisionQuest 20/20 that not only considered the innovation for being successful but they also targeted the most unusual group of the society- visually challenged children. The organization is a nonprofit organizationestablished by Dr. James W. O'Neil and engineer Richard S. Tirendi, who are working collaboratively for helping vision problems in children. The major concern of these businesspersons is that there is no advanced equipments beyond the eye-chart stage; however, they have formulated a new software called EyeSpy 20/20 that assesses children's vision while they play a video game. This device is also capable of tests for amblyopia that can lead to permanent blindness if not treated on time. Mind map Image 2: Mind Map for creativity and innovation in organization (Source: Created by Author) Personal reflection I learned from the entire study that innovations are crucial for a successful business. Technological innovation is essential in order to match the technical advantage of the world; administrative innovation is important for leading the employee of the organization so that they can motivate the team members for suggesting new ideas. Moreover, I also learned that process innovation is the outcome of the best administrative innovative approach without which the existing process for accomplishing the business cannot be possible. In addition to that, I also came to know that every business has started their journey from scratch and with the help of creativity and innovation they became successful in recent times. It is also come to my consideration that business that become successful through their innovation has the most satisfied working personnel and customers and they also do not need to promote their brands as their experience in the market and effective word-of-mouth advertisement does everything. Furthermore, from the entire study I also learn about the key ingredients to successful innovation that are leadership quality of the high designated people, focus on the organisational goals, entrepreneurship quality and the ability to implement the creativity for better productivity and profitability. Reference List Amabile, T., 2012. Componential theory of creativity (pp. 3-4). Boston, MA: Harvard Business School. Anderson, N., Potocnik, K. and Zhou, J., 2014. Innovation and creativity in organizations a state-of-the-science review, prospective commentary, and guiding framework. Journal of Management, 40(5), pp.1297-1333. Ayala, J.C. and Manzano, G., 2014. The resilience of the entrepreneur. Influence on the success of the business. A longitudinal analysis. Journal of Economic Psychology, 42, pp.126-135. Barnett, B.G., Hall, G.E., Berg, J.H. and Camarena, M.M., 2014. A typology of partnerships for promoting innovation. Journal of School Leadership, 9, pp.484-509. Bucherer, E., Eisert, U. and Gassmann, O., 2012. Towards systematic business model innovation: lessons from product innovation management.Creativity and Innovation Management, 21(2), pp.183-198. Camison, C. and Villar-Lopez, A., 2014. Organizational innovation as an enabler of technological innovation capabilities and firm performance. Journal of Business Research, 67(1), pp.2891-2902. Caniels, M.C. and Rietzschel, E.F., 2013. A special issue of creativity and innovation management: Organizing creativity: Creativity and innovation under constraints. Creativity and Innovation Management, 22(1), pp.100-102. Carland, J.W. and Carland, J.C., 2015. A model of potential entrepreneurship: Profiles and educational implications. Journal of Small Business Strategy, 8(1), pp.1-14. Cerne, M., Jaklic, M. and Skerlavaj, M., 2013. Authentic leadership, creativity, and innovation: A multilevel perspective. Leadership, 9(1), pp.63-85. Csikszentmihalyi, M. and Sawyer, K., 2014. Shifting the focus from individual to organizational creativity. In The Systems Model of Creativity(pp. 67-71). Springer Netherlands. Davenport, T.H., 2013. Process innovation: reengineering work through information technology. Harvard Business Press. de Araujo Burcharth, A.L., Knudsen, M.P. and Sondergaard, H.A., 2014. Neither invented nor shared here: The impact and management of attitudes for the adoption of open innovation practices. Technovation, 34(3), pp.149-161. Dietrich, A. and Haider, H., 2015. Human creativity, evolutionary algorithms, and predictive representations: The mechanics of thought trials.Psychonomic bulletin review, 22(4), pp.897-915. Fiet, J.O., Norton, W.I. and Clouse, V.G., 2013. Search and discovery by repeatedly successful entrepreneurs. International Small Business Journal,31(8), pp.890-913. Fisk, P., 2014. Gamechangers: Creating innovative strategies for business and brands. John Wiley Sons. Ganter, A. and Hecker, A., 2014. Configurational paths to organizational innovation: qualitative comparative analyses of antecedents and contingencies. Journal of Business Research, 67(6), pp.1285-1292. Gaut, B., 2012. Creativity and rationality. The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 70(3), pp.259-270. Guler, I. and Nerkar, A., 2012. The impact of global and local cohesion on innovation in the pharmaceutical industry. Strategic Management Journal,33(5), pp.535-549. Hollen, R., Van Den Bosch, F.A. and Volberda, H.W., 2013. The role of management innovation in enabling technological process innovation: An interÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã organizational perspective. European Management Review, 10(1), pp.35-50. Im, S., Montoya, M.M. and Workman, J.P., 2013. Antecedents and consequences of creativity in product innovation teams. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 30(1), pp.170-185. Kolker, E., Ozdemir, V. and Kolker, E., 2016. How Healthcare Can Refocus on Its Super-Customers (Patients, n= 1) and Customers (Doctors and Nurses) by Leveraging Lessons from Amazon, Uber, and Watson. OMICS: A Journal of Integrative Biology, 20(6), pp.329-333. Lee, S.M., Olson, D.L. and Trimi, S., 2012. Co-innovation: convergenomics, collaboration, and co-creation for organizational values. Management Decision, 50(5), pp.817-831. Litchfield, R.C., Ford, C.M. and Gentry, R.J., 2014. Linking individual creativity to organizational innovation. The Journal of Creative Behavior. Oravec, J.A., 2015. Gamification and multigamification in the workplace: Expanding the ludic dimensions of work and challenging the work/play dichotomy. Cyberpsychology, 9(3). Payton, F.C., 2015. Workplace Design: The Millennials Are Not ComingThey're Here. Design Management Review, 26(1), pp.54-63. Qian, H., 2013. Diversity versus tolerance: The social drivers of innovation and entrepreneurship in US cities. Urban Studies, 50(13), pp.2718-2735. Reinhold, K., Tint, P., Tuulik, V. and Saarik, S., 2015. Innovations at workplace: improvement of ergonomics. Engineering Economics, 60(5). Rice, A.K., 2013. Productivity and social organization: The Ahmedabad experiment: Technical innovation, work organization and management. Routledge. Runco, M.A., 2014. Creativity: Theories and themes: Research, development, and practice. Elsevier. Sacramento, C.A., Fay, D. and West, M.A., 2013. Workplace duties or opportunities? Challenge stressors, regulatory focus, and creativity.Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 121(2), pp.141-157. Sarooghi, H., Libaers, D. and Burkemper, A., 2015. Examining the relationship between creativity and innovation: A meta-analysis of organizational, cultural, and environmental factors. Journal of Business Venturing, 30(5), pp.714-731. Slatten, T. and Mehmetoglu, M., 2015. The effects of transformational leadership and perceived creativity on innovation behavior in the hospitality industry. Journal of Human Resources in Hospitality Tourism, 14(2), pp.195-219. Somech, A. and Drach-Zahavy, A., 2013. Translating team creativity to innovation implementation the role of team composition and climate for innovation. Journal of Management, 39(3), pp.684-708. Tomyuk, O.N. and Ã Ã ¢Ã Ã ¾Ã Ã ¼ÃâÃ ½Ã Ã º, Ã Ã ¾.Ã Ã ., 2014. The Understanding of Creativity and its Criterions in Classical and Non-Classical Philosophy. Yesil, S. and Sozbilir, F., 2013. An empirical investigation into the impact of personality on individual innovation behaviour in the workplace. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 81, pp.540-551. Yoshida, D.T., Sendjaya, S., Hirst, G. and Cooper, B., 2014. Does servant leadership foster creativity and innovation? A multi-level mediation study of identification and prototypicality. Journal of Business Research, 67(7), pp.1395-1404.